Teachers and Employees

Weber, Johannes ao. Univ.-Prof. Dr.phil.

title
Microstructure of historic and modern Roman cements ....
type
conference proceedings
keywords
Conservation and Restoration, Architecture (Fine Arts/Design), Electron microscopy
texts
description
Roman cement mortars, one of the typical hydraulic building materials used mainly to decorate facades during the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries, exhibit specific performances regarding their workability, physico-mechanical performance and long-term stability. Their key properties are significant strength along with high capillary porosity, which makes them interesting materials for a number of applications. Thus, recently the interest in Roman cements has been steadily increasing e.g. in the field of conservation of architectural heritage. The microstructure of the hydrated matrix of Roman cement mortars can be directly correlated with their above mentioned macro properties which are currently assessed within the EU-FP7 project ROCARE. The present paper provides preliminary results of studies on the microstructure carried out in the frame of ROCARE and based on findings from the former EU-FP5 project ROCEM. The aims are to contribute to a better understanding and interpretation of the macro properties as a function of age, mortar formulations and curing conditions of Roman cement mortars. Reference to typical matrix microstructures found in historical Roman cement mortars is also presented. The analytical approach is mainly based on SEM-techniques preferentially employed on fresh fracture faces of mortars and pastes, using both secondary electron (SE) and back-scattered (BSE) detectors. The results are compared to the mineralogical and petrophysical mortars data.
authors
Johannes Weber, K. Bayer, C. Gosselin, G. Hilbert
editors
Uiniversity Ljubljana
publishers
NN
date
2011
location
Ljubljana (Slowenien)
URL
published in
title
Proc. 13th Euroseminar on Microscopy Applied to Building Materials