Klaus Bollinger, Arne Hofmann.
Institute of Architecture, Structural Design
In this research
the generation of complex space frames by the means of algorithmic processes is investigated and the impact and the relevance
for architecture and structural engineering estimated.
The contemporary methods of structural design are based on a systemization
of structures, which has been initiated by Karl Culmann in the middle of the 19th century. In this way structures with a high
degree of effectiveness, which have a high degree of regularity, can be developed. Today the desire for free form design and
therefore the need to design irregular structures can be viewed in built projects, as well as at architecture schools.
To develop irregular structures that feature optimized load bearing capacities, the usage of existing design methods are
limited due to an approach based on reductionism. Here is a lack between the requirements and claims on the part of architecture
and civil engineering and the tools available.
Non regular structures that have intrinsic load bearing capacities are
complex. To evolve complex structures it is necessary to regard not only the whole system, but even more the relationship
and the interaction of the system’s particles.
Modern Hard- and Software allow calculating and evaluating load bearing
capacities of almost every structure in short time. It is possible to analyse a great many of alternative solutions of a system
and develop optimized systems iteratively. Therefore structures, that feature emergent load bearing capabilities, can be generated
algorithmically and are not a priori based on a fixed system.
The goal of the research project is to analyse new and
innovative approaches to develop irregular and at the same time effective structures. Its practical aim is not only the generation
of optimal structures, but the integration of construction principles that ensures an inbuilt practicability.