The current dominating approach to space mission design, known as systems engineering is historically linked to a process
of design from the aviation industry. It attempts to integrate all constituent elements of a space mission in a holistic
design. Within this approach the mission goals are the design drivers, and are translated into system and sub-system requirements,
which serve to constrain the design.
For human space flight missions, the characteristics of the inhabited environment are strongly constrained by hard technical
requirements, e.g. launch bay volume and mass restrictions, whereas
human based soft requirements, which contribute to the efficiency and well being of the crew still need more recognition.
Space Architecture by nature is a multidisciplinary enterprise, implicating the collaboration with experts from various fields,
such as Structural Engineering, Science, Design and Architecture, Physiology and Psychology.
These circumstances make it an ideal application for the Protospace approach. Protospace, a revolutionary design environment
for architecture, urban planning and other disciplines, is an initiative of Prof. Ir. Kas Oosterhuis of Hyperbody at the Delft
University of Technology. The primary aim of Protospace is to intensify the professional dialogue between different experts
in a project team and to bring the entire design process to a new level of complexity and performance, thus increasing the
quality of obtained design results achievable within much shorter design timeframe.
Based on the experiences made by the authors, this paper tempts to propose an alternative teaching method as well as an alternative
system engineering approach for real space projects, which will further improve the collaboration and concurrent design techniques
within a multidisciplinary team.
This paper will give a short introduction to the previous conducted workshops and related lessons learned as well as the Protospace
concept. It will subsequently propose a workshop idea using the Protospace environment and outline the reasons for an integral
part of this approach.
Bernhard Sommer, Friedrich, Christian M. Sc., Häuplik-Meusburger, Sandra M. Sc.