Lehrende und MitarbeiterInnen
Campbell, David Mag. phil. Dr.phil.
|‘Mode 3’ Universities and Academic Firms: Thinking Beyond the Box Trans-Disciplinarity and Nonlinear Innovation Dynamics within
Coopetitive Entrepreneurial Ecosystems.
The main objective of the paper is to examine if 'Mode 3' universities represent a new and advanced type of an entrepreneurial
university, perhaps transcending the entrepreneurial university, and identify the specific characteristics of 'Mode 3' universities.
According to its definition, a 'Mode 3' university represents a type of organisation capable of higher order learning and
in this regard a type of open, highly complex, and non-linear knowledge production system that seeks and realises creative
ways of combining, recombining, and integrating different principles of knowledge production and knowledge application (e.g.,
'Mode 1' and 'Mode 2'). Thus, 'Mode 3' universities clearly encourage diversity and heterogeneity, while they emphasise and
engender creative and innovative organisational contexts for research, education, and innovation. Several examples are offered
in this context in order to demonstrate how and why the concept of 'Mode 3' universities is better endowed for addressing
the current and future challenges compared to a simple 'entrepreneurial university' approach. The full exploration of 'Mode
3' universities furthermore demands a strong linkage and contextualisation with (entrepreneurial) ecosystems.
|Titel der Veröffentlichung:
||‘Mode 3’ Universities and Academic Firms.
|Katalog / Zeitschrift / Sammelband:
||International Journal of Technology Management
||INDERSCIENCE ENTERPRISES LTD
|Ausgabe / Band Nr.:
||David F. J. Campbell, Elias G. Carayannis, Evangelos Grigoroudis