Lehrende und MitarbeiterInnen
Campbell, David Mag. phil. Dr.phil.
|Full Title: "Explaining and Comparing Quality of Democracy in Quadruple Helix Structures: The Quality of Democracy in the
United States and in Austria, Challenges and Opportunities for Development."
The analytical research question of this contribution is twofold: (1) to compare the quality of democracy of the USA internationally
and to “assess” (evaluate) American democracy, whereas assessing (evaluation) in this scenario refers to putting results of
the comparative rating in the form of propositions (theses) for further discussions; (2) this same frame of reference is also
being used to compare the quality of democracy in Austria internationally, and to propose more specifically a whole set of
reform measures for further improvement of the quality of Austrian democracy in the nearer future. In theoretical and conceptual
terms, we refer to a Quadruple-Dimensional structure, also a Quadruple Helix structure (a “Model of Quadruple Helix Structures”)
of the four basic dimensions of freedom, equality, control, and sustainable development, for explaining and comparing democracy
and quality of democracy. Put in summary, we may conclude: the comparative strengths of the quality of democracy in the USA
focus on the dimension of freedom and on the dimension of sustainable development. Further containment of corruption marks
potentially a sensitive area and issue for the USA. The comparative weakness of the quality of American democracy lies in
the dimension of equality, most importantly income equality. Income inequality defines and represents a major challenge and
concern for democracy in the USA. In the “epilogue” to our analysis, we engage in reflecting on Cyberdemocracy and possible
ramifications for Knowledge Democracy. We present a few propositions for further discussion and discourse.
|Titel der Veröffentlichung:
||Explaining and Comparing Quality of Democracy in Quadruple Helix Structures.
|Katalog / Zeitschrift / Sammelband:
||Cyber-Development, Cyber-Democracy and Cyber-Defense.
||Elias G. Carayannis, Marios Panagiotis Efthymiopoulos