Lehrende und MitarbeiterInnen
Campbell, David Mag. phil. Dr.phil.
|Full Title: "Developed Democracies versus Emerging Autocracies: Arts, Democracy, and Innovation in Quadruple Helix Innovation
Arts, democracy and innovation co-evolve. While for the Triple Helix model the existence of a democracy is not necessary for
knowledge production and innovation, the Quadruple Helix is here more explicit. The way, how the Quadruple Helix is being
engineered, designed and “architected”, from that it is clear that there cannot be a Quadruple Helix innovation system without
democracy or a democratic context. The following attributes and components define the fourth helix in the Quadruple Helix:
“media-based and culture-based public”, “civil society” and “arts, artistic research and arts-based innovation”. By this the
fourth helix in the Quadruple Helix represents the perspective of the “dimension of democracy” or the “context of democracy”
for knowledge, knowledge production and innovation. This is particularly true when democracy is to be understood to transcend
the narrow understanding of being primarily based on or being primarily rooted in government institutions (within Triple Helix).
Civil society, culture-based public, quality of democracy and sustainable development convincingly demonstrate, what the rationales
and requirements are for conceptualizing democracy broader. Political pluralism in a democracy co-evolves with the pluralism,
diversity and heterogeneity of knowledge, knowledge production and innovation (“Democracy of Knowledge”). The Quintuple Helix
extends the Quadruple Helix by aspects of the “natural environments of society and economy”, “social ecology” and the “socio-ecological
transition”. Also this environmental context of society can be better addressed in a democracy than in a non-democracy. The
current world appears to be challenged by a race between developing democracies versus emerging autocracies over knowledge
production and innovation. The contributions of arts, arts-based research and arts-based innovation to knowledge production
and innovation systems are manifold. Art helps and aids us in thinking “beyond the box”. The traditional understanding of
arts emphasizes the aesthetic dimension of arts. Art and arts can also be understood (and re-invented) as a manifestation
of knowledge, knowledge production and knowledge creation. Arts and artistic research are now being regarded as drivers for
forming and pluralizing inter-disciplinary and trans-disciplinary configurations and networks with research in the sciences
and the application and use of knowledge and innovation in context of society, democracy, but also the economy. Art, art-based
research and art-based innovation contribute to creating (co-creating) the basis for new models of economic growth. This indicates
opportunities for a creative design or creative-design-processes in the further co-evolution of knowledge economy, knowledge
society and knowledge democracy.
|Titel der Veröffentlichung:
||Developed Democracies versus Emerging Autocracies.
|Katalog / Zeitschrift / Sammelband:
||Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship
||Elias G. Carayannis